India crosses over one million COVID-19 cases

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India passes over one million COVID-19 confirmed cases

After the United States and Brazil, India became the third country to report more than COVID-19 cases, according to the Indian health ministry. On 30th January, India reported its first case in the southern Indian state of Kerala. The student was studying in Wuhan, the Chinese city where the outbreak started.

For several weeks, as COVID-19 outbreaks took off in other regions of Asia, India remained relatively unaffected. On 13th March, India reported its first death, and even at that time, it only recorded seventy-three cases.

How India’s COVID-19 pandemic spread-out

Confirmed cases since the first reported case of India

India passes over one million COVID-19 confirmed cases
Confirmed cases since the first reported case of India
Source: Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science & Engineering Data as of 17th July 2020

When the number of coronavirus cases was still relatively low, the Indian government took action. On 11th March, the administration of India suspended all tourist visas, whereas international flights suspended on 22nd March. At the time of lockdown on 25th March, India had about 519 confirmed cases and ten deaths.

However, when the regime partially lifted the lockdown on 30th May, India had over one lac and eighty thousand cases with the continuous rise in the numbers. Lockdown was difficult in India, even impossible in some areas. About one-sixth of the urban population of the country lives in densely populated slums. And it was impossible to impose social distancing there. A tremendous numder of daily wage workers were left jobless or even food – and several made prolonged and sometimes deadly trips back home to faraway states.

Since the federal government lifted the lockdown countrywide, some states still enforced restriction themselves – or even resumed lockdowns.  Regardless of that, within sixteen weeks, the nation gone from only five hundred cases to more than one million. The president of the India’s Public Health Association, Sanjay Rai, said that the lockdown helped the country to delay the speedy spread of the outbreak, which helped the authorities to take more time to manufacture additional personal protective equipment (PPE) kits.

Delhi with the most COVID-19 cases per capita of other cities in India

Coronavirus cases per 100000 in Indian states and territories

India passes over one million COVID-19 confirmed cases
Coronavirus cases per 100000 in Indian states and territories
Source: Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science & Engineering Data as of 17th July 2020

As the outbreak of India took off, it did not spread evenly across the country. About fifty-six percent of the COVID-19 cases intense in only three states of the overall thirty-six states or territories – Delhi, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra, which are each home to some of the most Populus cities of India. Maharashtra, where Mumbai is has about twenty-eight percent of the overall cases of the country. However, those three states have fifty-six percent of the cases of the country; they are home to just seventeen percent of the overall country’s population.

The picture is even more tense if we look at the active cases of the country. People with mild and moderate symptoms of the virus in India considered no longer active after ten days of symptom onset if they meet certain conditions. A test to confirm that they no more have the virus is not mandatory. Severe cases may only discharge after one negative COVID-19 test.

More than 50% of active cases in India are in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra

According to an Indian Ministry of Health & Family Welfare official, Rajesh Bhushan, over fifty percent of all active cases in India are in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, where one of the largest cities of India is. These worst-hit states of India have more cases than several other countries. As of last Friday, Maharashtra alone had more cases than Iran, which somewhat lower population than the Indian state and Pakistan, which is home to almost twice as many people.

On Friday, Delhi had more cases than Argentina and Canada overall cases, which both have higher populations than new Delhi, the Indian capital. Instead of the huge number of cases in India, officials highlighted that the death toll per capita of the country is still comparatively low.

Nineteen out of one million people in India died of COVID-19

Confirmed coronavirus deaths per million of population

India passes over one million COVID-19 confirmed cases
Note: Countries pictured are those with at least five lac reported coronavirus cases
Source: Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science & Engineering, CIA World Factbook. Data as of 17th July 2020

India has had about nineteen deaths per million people – lower than the United States, where there are 416 deaths per million, or the U.K., where there are 687 deaths per million. In contrast, China had almost three deaths per million. Experts pointed to the relatively young population of India. Research demonstrates that older people are more vulnerable to dying from COVID-19.

In India, nearly forty-four percent of the population is under twenty-four, whereas, only fifteen percent is over fifty-five. An official of the health ministry, Rajesh Bhushan pointed out earlier this month, that means around seventy-five percent of the Indian population considered low-risk for dying of COVID-19. According to him, people with age sixty and make up ten percent of the overall Indian population, but fifty-three percent of COVID-19 deaths.

By contrast, the United Kingdom, which has one of the worst death rates per capita globally – has a much older population. There, twenty-nine percent of the population is under twenty-four, and thirty-one percent are over fifty-five. Almost ninety-three percent of people in the United Kingdom who died of COVID-19 in March and April were sixty or older.

India has seventeen percent of the global population and seven percent of the world’s COVID-19 cases

India passes over one million COVID-19 confirmed cases

Source: United States Census Bureau, CIA World Factbook, Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering. Data as of 15th July 2020

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