UNEP – The United Nations Environment Programme supports those who are fighting against the novel coronavirus outbreak. They are doing a great job to help hereabouts that include supporting the worldwide efforts to save biodiversity, ending the illicit wildlife trade, and taking measures to handle the waste and chemicals. Moreover, it also focuses on encouraging the plans of economic recovery that takes climate emergencies and nature into consideration.
Here this article will showcase the UNEP’s one of the numerous duties to help countries recovering better after the epidemic.
Scientists are claiming that the polar ice caps are liquefying six times quicker than the 90s. Hence, it is essential to decrease greenhouse gas emissions as early as possible to avoid cataclysmic sea-level rise.
What is Methane and How it can affect the climate?
Methane is a potent short-termed climate pollutant produced by wetlands, livestock, landfills, and oil and gas extraction.
The Climate and Clean Air Coalition states that global warming from methane gas is 84 times dangerous than that of CO2 in the last 20 years. Methane is the most significant factor in recent years’ climate change, meaning that reducing it is crucial to fight against the warm earth.
Currently, it isn’t clear that worldwide oil and gas industry releases how much methane.
The Gulf of Mexico conducted research about methane emissions from oil and gas infrastructures, and published the paper in Environmental Science and Technology on March 9, 2020; The Climate and Clean Air Coalition backed that research. They depicted one surprising fact i.e., the major producers were in shallow waters.
Research by Oil and Gas Methane Science Studies
A study from Oil and Gas Methane Science Studies suggests a new process for measuring the emission of methane gas, that global oil industries can use.
There are very few methods to measure the oil rigs data in the sea – But there is none when it comes to the Gulf of Mexico. In the USA, most of the natural gas and offshore oil are extracted in the Gulf of Mexico where hundreds of platforms are extracting the 16% of the nation’s crude oil.
The research highlights two main aspects of offshore methane emissions that should be helpful for its reduction: 1) having an unparalleled distribution i.e., considering only a few platforms for a large amount of discharge. 2) The emission pattern varies between deep water and shallow industries.
The Partnership between UNEP and The Coalition
Until now, the organizations of the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative, the European Commission, and the Environmental Defense Fund have funded 7.2 million dollars to this study. The UNEP United Nations Environment Programme, along with the collaboration of The Coalition – that inherits many civil society organizations and 69 governments as members – will work with respective governments and study the research along with different linking policies to help tackle emissions.
The Oil and Gas Methane Partnership of The Coalition is also aiding the facilities to manage their methane release methodically from troublesome oil and gas operations.
If the companies would have better data, they can efficiently prioritize their work to decrease the emissions of methane, and their respective governments can also effectively develop policies, as an attempt to do the same.